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HTML5 Canvas Tutorial On Creating Snowfall Effect

Published on January 19, 2013

Hi Guys! How are you? In previous post, I have mentioned so many time that HTML 5 gives big Competition to flash. But in real Competition is Flash VS HTML 5 Canvas. So I have decided to write some tutorials on HTML5 Canvas. Here Our first tutorial on HTML 5-Canvas. HTML5 Canvas Tutorial On Creating Snowfall Effect



In our previous tutorials I have explained you Snowfall effect using CSS3, JavaScript. Today we will take that same concept but we will implement it in HTML 5 Canvas. Read: 1)Make Your Blog Ready For Christmas Using ShowStrome.js 2)Amazing Snow Fall Effect Using Pure CSS3 HTML

  <head> </head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="snowfall.js"></script>

You should put snowfall.js at the bottom of the page other wise the script won’t work. snowfall.js

(function(w, d, m, c) {
  //Create canvas tag on fly
  var cnvs,
    b = d.getElementsByTagName("body")[0];
  cnvs = d.createElement(c);
  //init canvas and set dimenctions
  ctx = cnvs.getContext("2d");
  Wt = w.innerWidth;
  Ht = w.innerHeight;
  cnvs.width = Wt;
  cnvs.height = Ht;
  //Creating snow flakes
  maxF = 100; //max flakes
  flakes = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < maxF; i++) {
    //pushing into flakes array
      x: m.random() * Wt,
      y: m.random() * Ht,
      r: m.random() * 3,
      d: m.random() * maxF

  function snowfall() {
    ctx.clearRect(0, 0, Wt, Ht);
    //drawing intitial snowflakes on canvas
    ctx.fillStyle = "#fff";
    for (var i = 0; i < maxF; i++) {
      var f = flakes[i];
      ctx.moveTo(f.x, f.y);
      ctx.arc(f.x, f.y, f.r, 0, m.PI * 2, true);

    //moving snow flakes
    var angl = 0;
    for (var i = 0; i < maxF; i++) {
      angl += 0.1;
      var f = flakes[i];
      f.x += m.abs(m.sin(angl)) + 0.1;
      f.y += m.abs(m.cos(angl)) * 3;
      //resetting snowflakes when they are
      //out of frame
      if (f.x > Wt || f.x < 0 || f.y > Ht) {
        f.x = m.random() * Wt;
        f.y = -10;
  //calling snowfall function every 30 sec
  setInterval(snowfall, 30);
})(window, document, Math, "canvas");

Here we are using self calling JavaScript function. Just go thought the code you will understand whats going on. That’s it hope you like it.